When should your pet be brought to an emergency hospital?  Here is a list of the most common reasons:Suffers any type of trauma (hit by a car or blunt object, falls more than a few feet, attacked by another animal, burned)Is non-responsive (won’t wake up or appears dazed)Is bleeding significantly Has vomiting or diarrhea for more than 24 hours, or immediately if the vomit and/or diarrhea is bloody.Is straining to urinate or defecate, making multiple trips to urinate with little to no urine outputHas a seizure or seizures/tremorsHas trouble breathing (e.g., noisy breathing, stretching the head and neck out while breathing, seeing the abdominal body wall moving a lot while breathing, panting cats, dogs panting more than normal, increased or decreased respiratory rate)Suffers heat stroke or heat exhaustionIs chokingIs in extreme pain (shaking, moaning, crying, aggressive when touched)Becomes disoriented (tilts head, becomes uncoordinated, bumps into things)Becomes paralyzed (can’t stand or move)Has pale, yellow, blue or grey gums, weak or rapid pulseRuns extremely high or low temperatureHas avoided food or water for a full daySwallowed a foreign bodyHas distended, abdominal bloatingIs lethargic or collapsesSeems anxious or restlessIs constantly coughing or has the inability to rest through the nightIs coughing up pink, frothy, foamy liquid (or blood)Experiences non-productive retching (symptom of gastric-dilitation volvulus or “GDV”)Is woundedIs bitten by a venomous snake Suffers anaphylaxis for any reasonIs not able to move or walk, or is dragging the back legsIs poisoned or ingests a toxic substanceHas abnormal vaginal discharge (females)Develops an abnormal odor from the bodyFeels very hot or cold to the touch Is squinting or has bulging, discolored or painful eyeballsIs suffering and euthanasia becomes necessaryWhile this list isn’t all-inclusive, it gives you a good general idea to work with. When in doubt, bring your pet in.  Because you know your pet better than anybody else, you may pick up on a change that alarms you and may end up saving the life of your pet. Some emergencies can wait to see your regular veterinarian the following morning (like diarrhea, itchy skin, even urinary tract infections, etc.), and that is something we can help you decide. If you are worried or unsure, your best bet is to get your pet to the hospital to be evaluated.  Not only will this give you peace of mind, our veterinarians can make sure nothing more significant is going on health-wise.  If it is, we can admit your pet and begin immediate treatments to help them feel better. 

By Shana Richardson, Phd, Vergi 24/7, vergi247.com